The first picture comes from: eastern IC; this article is from WeChat official account: circular Planet (ID:huanxingxingqiu); author: Lord Xiong Jinjin; Review: big Green
I have always felt that Japan is an obsessive-compulsive disorder, this point, from their love clean and environmental policies on the display of no doubt!
It has also been rumored on the Internet that "you don't have to wipe your shoes for a week in Japan." even the cigarette butts on the side of the road look clean. " No, no.
In fact, people are inert, and the habit of being clean from the bones can only be interpreted as the nurture of the day after tomorrow. Today, let's introduce the policies and regulations that make the Japanese become a "Love is clean.".
There are timetables for throwing garbage, and you have to pay for throwing garbage.
Japan's garbage classification is so strict that no one in the world can get out of it. According to the material of garbage, it can be divided into several categories: directly recycled resource waste (plastic bottles and cans, old newspapers), flammable (paper chips, bamboo and wood, kitchen waste), non-flammable (glass, plastic), harmful waste (batteries) and so on.
Of course, there are more subdivisions. For example, Yokohama's waste sorting instruction manual can be as many as 27 pages, or even a cigarette box. Separate the outer wrapping paper, paper box and metal aluminum film to throw it - let me say, they Is a nation with obsessive-compulsive disorder
There are few dustbins on the roads in Japan. They drink bottles of water or blow their noses of paper. They either take them back for home waste disposal or they have to go to convenience stores to throw them away.
There is also a "timetable" for throwing garbage in Japan. Seven days a week, you can only throw the corresponding type of garbage every day. For example, you can only throw plastic bottles on Tuesday, you can not throw metal objects!
This is also the basic social morality. Because the rules are complicated, there will be corresponding prompts for the garbage placement points on the corners of Japan.
The photo below is a reminder poster at a garbage collection point in Kobe: only recyclable bottles and cans can be thrown on Wednesday (Water Day); plastic packaging containers can only be thrown on Thursday (Wood Day); second and fourth every month Throw incombustible garbage on Monday (Monday); throw combustible garbage on Tuesday (Fire Day) and Friday (Golden Day).
If the garbage in the house is not on the timetable, then you can’t throw it? Yes, you have to live at home. If littering, it is called "unlawful abandonment", not only illegal, but also illegal. Kobe is a small city with many Chinese people, so the posters of the garbage spots are also available in Chinese.
In addition to throwing garbage according to the timetable, there are some seemingly troublesome rules. For example, throw paper milk box, corrugated box, paper packing box, need to clean the box first, and then open the fixed box shape of plastic paper, the box can be squashed before throwing; old newspapers and magazines to be tied together, thrown to the designated place; plastic beverage bottles, also need to be simply washed, dried, flattened and then thrown together.
However, it seems to be troublesome, but it saves a lot of costs for subsequent processing, so I still admire the Japanese in this regard.
One more thing I think we may not understand is that in Japan, sometimes we have to spend money to throw garbage on our own! Throw a piece of garbage at your own expense?
Yes, because the large furniture you discard, the electrical appliances need the state to decompose them, the state will produce harmful gases and waste when dealing with these things, so the state has to collect money from you.
However, some counties and cities have a strong ability to deal with garbage, so they can still throw a few large pieces of garbage for free a year. But after exceeding the quota to throw, we have to contact special electrical stores and buyers out of their own pocket, some large garbage disposal costs are still very high, it is really painful to lose a thing.
In fact, there are also cases in Japan where people who want to avoid garbage disposal costs throw old appliances such as refrigerators into deep mountains, but if caught, they will be detained for violating the abandoned disposal Law and fined 30 to 50, 000 yen.
The secondary market is popular to encourage the recycling of old things
Japanese society encourages recycling of old things. Every city has some “Recycle Centers” that receive second-hand items for free. These are public welfare organizations. You only need to make a simple card, you can receive donations from the center for free. Items and books and clothes that you don't want at the same time can also be donated here.
Encouraging recycling and second-hand markets can reduce carbon emissions and is a very environmentally friendly strategy. When I was in Osaka, I used to have a card in the nearby old recycling center. When I was fine, I thought about going shopping and scouring old books or something.
The Japanese like to use old things, both environmental factors and economic downturn reasons, so in addition to such pure public welfare organizations, there are a large number of second-hand commodity markets-cheap and environmentally friendly, why not?
Even the drugstore that sells first-hand goods will also sell "without shell" shampoo and only powder core pressed powder-shampoo and pressed powder, consumers can only buy the core part of the simplest packaging, go home to pour shampoo into old bottles, replace the new powder core into the old cake box, without affecting the use of plastic waste.
In addition to clothes and books, probably the most commonly used second-hand goods are traded and recycled, that is, the car. Japanese people like to drive used cars, mainly because of cost-effective.
A good second-hand small emission K-Car is only about 15-200000 yen, and an office worker's salary is more than 200, 000 a month, that is to say, he can buy a car for a month's salary, which not only saves himself money but also saves a large amount of waste disposal cost for the society. Is it twofold?
In addition to motor vehicles, bicycles can also be bought second-hand. It is interesting that when I bought a second-hand bike in Osaka, I found that all bicycles had numbers or even chips on them. After buying, I had to register my personal data binding car number to avoid users abandoning bicycles in the future. At that time, I really felt that bicycles had become a responsibility of me.
In addition to these initiatives, you'll experience a lot of recycling in your social life, even if you don't. For example, free toilet paper in Japanese public toilets, free magazines and ads in convenience stores, and a careful look, will find a small word on it, which means that it is recycled paper.
Responsible for rubbish, promoting environmental protection concept
Japan also has a picture of environmental protection, which also impressed me by the obligation to pick up garbage.
When I was at school, the school regularly organized students to hold garbage bags and pliers, and went to the school area to refrain from rubbish. In fact, there is nothing to be embarrassed. At most, there are some cigarette butts, but such activities can instill a strong environmental awareness among the participants.
Later, I walked on the streets of Japan. I also found that many companies organized employees to pick up rubbish. They wore small vests with advertising slogans promoting environmental protection.
If the harshness of the law is hard, then this kind of folk spontaneous propaganda is soft. A hard and soft implantation of environmental protection concept, only slowly created the environmental protection culture of the Japanese nation.
Over fifty years of development, ultimately self-revenue
In fact, so many rules about waste disposal and environmental protection in Japan are not a matter of time. As early as the post-war rapid development in the 1950s and 60s, with the introduction of garbage incinerator, the government began to require people to classify the garbage into combustible and non-combustible.
Subsequently, with the massive incineration of plastic waste, serious environmental impacts were caused, and society and the government began to pay attention to the treatment of plastics and hazardous waste.
In 1997, Japan began to implement the Container Packaging Recycling Law, which stipulates that glass containers, plastic bottles, paper packaging boxes, plastic packaging boxes (lunch boxes), stainless steel cans, aluminum cans and cartons need to be classified separately when discarded, thus completing the refinement of garbage classification standards, and this kind of garbage classification rules have been used to this day.
In 2000, the Japanese government formulated the basic Law for the formation and Promotion of Recycling Society, encouraging consideration to reduce garbage generation in the production sector.
The habit of a society and the formation of environmental protection concepts actually require a long process.
Today, we lamented the "junkie" society of Japan and lamented that the source of this enviable outcome was the source of this enviable outcome when the environment was so clean, and the complex garbage classification knowledge, in fact, was a heavy social cost, But it is because most of the ordinary people's implementation of these rules, and the spontaneous sharing of these costs, ultimately benefits itself.
This article from the micro-channel public number: Planet Ring (ID: huanxingxingqiu); Author: Bear Gold adults; Reviewer: Big Green; Audio: Sound appearance: Qiu bowl; production: big green; Photo Editor: Zhou captaincy
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