Tiger sniffing: Based on the top 400 data of the rich list in the decade of 2009-2018, this article summarizes some quite interesting changes. Some people may ridicule that "the pigs on the tuyere will fly," but the ancients also said that this is "the hero of the times." The picture is from the movie, this article from WeChat public number: digging number (ID: washu66)
In recent days, he has conducted a deep survey of Forbes mainland China's rich list in the last 10 years and found a lot of interesting points.
First, the rise of the Internet industry
From 2009 to 2018, there were more and more people in the Internet industry in the top 10 lists, including Jack Ma, who became the richest man in 2014 and 2018, respectively.
In 2015, six Internet tycoons made the top 10, including Lei Jun, Liu Qiangdong and Ding Lei, in addition to Ma Yun, Ma Huateng and Li Yanhong.
In the top 400 of the 2018 rich list, Xiaomi is the company with the largest number of rich people in the Internet industry, followed by Meituan, Kuaishou and Tencent.
Xiaomi: Lei Jun (No. 11,82 billion yuan), Lin Bin (No. 4,32 billion), Hong Feng (No. 302,7 billion), Huang Jiangji (No. 33,7 billion), Li Wanqiang (No.333) , 6.9 billion) US Mission: Wang Xing (No. 3,375.1 billion), Zhang Tao (No. 189.3 billion), Mu Rongjun (No.356, 6.5 billion) Fast: Suhua (No. 86 billion) ), Cheng Yixiao (No. 123,149 million) Tencent: Ma Huateng (No. 2,226.3 billion), Zhang Zhidong (No. 146.9 billion)
II. The real estate industry is the most rich
Although the top ten richest people are in the Internet industry, the top 400 richest people still account for the majority of real estate.
The richest three in the industry in 2018 are:
Xu Jiayin (No. 3, 212.5 billion yuan), Wang Jianlin (No. 4, 156.6 billion), Yang Huizhen (No. 6,118 billion)
Third, Hengrui Pharmaceutical is the company with the largest number of rich people.
In 2018, six people enter the top 400 of the rich list.
The per capita wealth of the ten richest people increased fivefold by 2018
The assets of the richest man soared from 39.6 billion in 2009 to 238.7 billion in 2018.
5. Ma Yun and Xu Jiayin have the fastest growing wealth
Six, someone's been on the list.
Ma Huateng and Li Yanhong have entered the top ten of the list in 9 years in 10 years;
He Xiangjian (the founder of the United States) and Wang Jianlin have entered the top ten for 8 years in 10 years.
Seven, someone disappeared
Li Hejun, founder of Haneng Film, made the top 10 twice in 2013 and then disappeared, not even before 2018.
Eight, the stock market makes the rich
In 2014, Alibaba went public in the US, and Ma’s net worth rose from 43.3 billion in 2013 to 119.3 billion in 2014, an increase of 2.75 times.
In 2014, JD.com went public in the US, and Liu Qiangdong’s net worth rose from 8.2 billion in 2013 to 43.4 billion in 2014, a 5.3-fold increase.
9. The wealth gap between China and the world's rich is narrowing.
Bill Gates, the world's richest man, had $40 billion in assets in 2009, 6.9 times that of Wang Chuanfu, China's richest man.
In 2009, only three people from China entered the top 100 of the world's richest list, all of them from Hong Kong, China.
Bezos, the world's richest man, had assets of $112 billion in 2018, three times that of Jack Ma, China's richest man.
In 2018, 15 Chinese entered the top 100 of the world's richest list, with 2 / 3 from mainland China.
Let's review the 2009-2018 rankings together and learn about the wealth story of the year.
Wang Chuanfu, who never appeared in the 2005 Top20 rankings, suddenly became China's richest man, all due to Buffett's "turning stone into gold."
In September 2008, Buffett bought a 10 per cent stake in BYD for HK $1.8 billion. BYD shares soared all the way after the news, rising sixfold throughout 2009.
Lu Xiangyang, who ranks fourth, is Wang Chuanfu's cousin, who founded BYD with Wang Chuanfu in 1995 for 2.5 million.
This year, Wang Jianlin has not put forward a "small goal", ranking tenth. The Internet industry is still not so hot. Only Ma Huateng has entered the top ten, and three of the real estate industry have entered the top ten.
On March 23, 2010, Google announced its withdrawal from China, a move that tripled Baidu's share price in 2010 and put Robin Li's fortune in second place from 19.8 billion in 2009 to 48 billion in 2010.
The more legendary Li-Li couple, the company's company, the company's company, is listed in A-share one year, and the market value of the first day of the opening has soared to nearly 10 billion, but it is a pity that in 2011 it will drop to 70%, and the couple will fall to the altar only in one year.
In the first year of the year, Wang Chuanfu fell to the 10th place, with a small number of 100 million, the reason that BYD's performance was not good and the share price fell.
Mr Zong relied on real results to get rich from share prices, with Wa revenues exceeding 50 billion for the first time in 2010, with Mr Zong holding as much as 80 per cent, according to media reports.
This year is Baidu's highlight moment. On March 24, 2011, Baidu's market value was 46 billion US dollars, exceeding Tencent's 44.5 billion US dollars. China's Internet market capitalization first title changed hands for the first time, and Li Yanhong's wealth also increased by 10 billion. .
At that time, Alibaba was listed on the Hong Kong stock market, with a market value of only about 50 billion Hong Kong dollars, which is far from Baidu Tencent.
The third and fourth Liu family have four brothers. The boss Liu Yongyan is in charge of the mainland hope company. The second child Liu Yongxing is in charge of the Eastern Hope Company. The third child Liu Yongmei is responsible for the Huaxi Hope Company. The fourth child Liu Yonghao is responsible for the New Hope Group. When the term "10,000 yuan households" became popular, their assets had already exceeded 100 million.
The clothing industry has entered the top 10 for the first time, and it is worth mentioning that Samma's Barra has been the top seller of children's clothing for many years in a row.
Thanks to the growth in Tencent stocks, Ma Huateng's wealth rose to 50.3 billion from 27.4 billion in 2011, while Li Yanhong shrunk by 7 billion.
It is worth mentioning that Alibaba has withdrawn from Hong Kong this year, and Ma Yun’s wealth has grown to 21.4 billion, ranking 11th.
Wang Jianlin's outstanding performance, assets doubled, thanks to Wanda across real estate, hotels, travel and chain of department stores, Wanda began overseas mergers and acquisitions this year, for $2.6 billion to buy AMC Cinema in the United States, and invested 700m pounds to build hotels in London.
This year, the Chinese economy began to slow down, and the top 100 wealthy assets shrank by 7% from the previous year.
Depending on the recovery in property prices, most of the property tycoons doubled their assets this year, with Yang Huiyan soaring to 43.9 billion from 27.7 billion last year and Wang Jianlin topping the list from 50.4 billion to 86 billion this year.
It is worth noting that there are two people, one is Ma Yun of Alibaba. His assets have doubled successfully. The ranking has risen from 11 last year to the 8th. For the first time in history, he is ranked in the top 10, when he is away from Alibaba. There is still one year of listing (September 2014).
The other is Li Hejun, who holds more than 97% of the shares of Hanergy Holdings, a photovoltaic and hydropower company. He was the only richest man in the top ten richest with two private jets. His rise was controversial.
For the first time in the Internet industry, three people have squeezed into the top 10, and the term "BAT" has also become popular online.
This year was the year of the Internet outbreak. The top ten had the founders of five Internet companies, and three of them had a huge increase in wealth because of the listing of companies.
Thanks to Alibaba's listing to the United States, Mr. Ma's home rose to 119.3 billion from 43.3 billion last year, the top of the list.
Thanks to Jingdong's listing in the US, Liu Qiangdong successfully squeezed into the top ten.
Lei Jun benefited from the listing of the two companies, namely the Thunder, which was listed in June 2014 and the cheetah, which was listed in May 2014. However, the biggest reason is that the valuation of Xiaomi, which holds 30% of its shares, rose to 40 billion US dollars.
Wang Jianlin, who has benefited from a 10-fold increase in the share price of the A-share-listed Wanda film, recounts the first rich.
Some people are proud of it, some people are lost. In 2015, due to poor Baidu's performance, the stock price fell by 20%, and Li Yanhong's wealth shrank by 30%.
It is worth noting that this year Letv's Jia Yueting's wealth soared to 17th place, and Wang Tao, founder of drone company Dajiang, was selected for the first time, ranking 38th with $3.6 billion.
Li Hejun, the fifth in the list last year, was suspended from trading in Hong Kong due to the company’s huge losses. Since then, he has also bid farewell to the rich list.
Thanks to the success of Shunfeng Express's shell listing, the stock price is up to four times, and Wang Wei has been in the fourth place in the year.
Thanks to NetEase's breakthrough in ecommerce, its shares rose 30 percent in 2016, surpassing Baidu's Robin Li.
The biggest black horse of the year belongs to Yao Zhenhua. The purchase of Vanke’s equity has increased his wealth by 820%. In the past year, his wealth has risen by almost 1 billion per week. Unfortunately, he was revoked after 1 year of illegal use of insurance funds. Qualified and banned from the insurance industry for 10 years.
Evergrande’s profit increased nine-fold this year, and the company’s share price rose five-fold, successfully promoting Xu Jiayin as the new richest man.
Tencent’s reading group was listed in Hong Kong, and Ma Huateng’s net worth increased by 100 billion, surpassing Ma Yun’s second promotion.
In this year, A shares plummeted 25%, and the wealth of the rich has shrunk. Only Wang Jianlin and He Xiangjian’s assets have increased slightly.
After 10 years of turbulence, the change of the rich is actually looking at the history of change in China. From real estate to the Internet, the industry of the rich is changing, and the engine of national economic growth is also changing. Which industry will attract the most wealth in the next 10 years. I can't wait, pick up the pen and prepare to record it all!
This article comes from WeChat public number: digging number (ID: washu66)
* the article is an independent point of view of the author, which does not represent the position of the tiger olfactory net. This paper is published by the tiger olfactory net authorized by the number of excavations and edited by the tiger olfactory net. Reprint this article with the consent of the author, and please attach the source (tiger olfactory net) and links to this page. Original link: https://www.huxiu.com/article/308196.html
In the face of the future, you and I are still children, not to download the Tiger Sniff App and sniffing innovation!